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IDT Corporation Reports Third Quarter Fiscal 2016 Results


/EINPresswire.com/ -- NEWARK, NJ--(Marketwired - June 02, 2016) - IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $0.19 and Non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $0.38 on revenue of $355.2 million for the third quarter of its fiscal year 2016, the three months ended April 30, 2016.

3Q16 HIGHLIGHTS

(Results for 3Q16 are compared to 3Q15)

  • IDT completed the spin-off of its majority interest in Zedge to IDT shareholders on June 1, 2016. Zedge now trades on the NYSE MKT under the ticker symbol "ZDGE";
  • Consolidated revenue decreased to $355.2 million from $383.9 million;
  • Adjusted EBITDA* decreased to $10.3 million from $13.6 million;
  • Income from operations increased to $5.7 million from $2.5 million. In 3Q15, IDT recorded severance expense of $6.2 million;
  • Diluted EPS increased to $0.19 from $0.02;
  • Non-GAAP diluted EPS* decreased to $0.38 from $0.43.

MANAGEMENT REMARKS

IDT's Chief Executive Officer Shmuel Jonas said, "Yesterday, IDT spun off to our stockholders our interest in Zedge as an independent public company. The hugely popular and fast growing Zedge app for mobile device personalization began trading the regular way on the NYSE MKT today.

"I want to congratulate the entire Zedge team, and particularly Tom Arnoy and Jonathan Reich, and wish them good luck and much success as an independent company. We believe Zedge has tremendous potential and the right team to fully realize it.

"IDT delivered solid bottom line results this quarter. The sequential revenue decrease -- primarily from our wholesale carrier business -- was disappointing but had a muted impact on our bottom line. That's largely because the revenue we lost was very low margin, and because we continue to manage our overhead spending even as we invest more heavily in our growth initiatives."

3Q16 CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                    3Q16 -3Q15  
                    $ in millions, except EPS                  3Q16   3Q15   2Q16   Change (%/$)
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Revenue                                    $355.2 $383.9 $382.5 (7.5)%      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Direct cost                                $293.2 $316.5 $319.7 (7.4)%      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Direct cost as a percentage of revenue     82.6%  82.4%  83.6%  +20 BP      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    SG&A expense                               $51.6  $53.8  $51.1  (4.1)%      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Depreciation and amortization              $5.5   $4.6   $5.0   +19.5%      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Severance                                  $0.2   $6.2   -      $(6.0)      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Adjusted EBITDA*                           $10.3  $13.6  $11.7  (24.1)%     
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Income from operations                     $5.7   $2.5   $6.4   +$3.2       
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Net income attributable to IDT             $4.2   $0.6   $4.1   +$3.6       
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Diluted EPS                                $0.19  $0.02  $0.18  +$0.17      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Non-GAAP net income*                       $8.6   $10.1  $9.0   $(1.5)      
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Non-GAAP diluted EPS*                      $0.38  $0.43  $0.39  $(0.05)     
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Net cash provided by operating activities  $10.7  $6.8   $11.2  $3.9        
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    

*Throughout this release, Adjusted EBITDA, Non-GAAP net income and Non-GAAP diluted EPS for all periods presented are non-GAAP measures intended to provide useful information that supplements IDT's or the relevant segment's core results in accordance with GAAP. Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures at the end of this release for an explanation of these terms and their respective reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

3Q16 OPERATING RESULTS BY SEGMENT
(Results are for 3Q16 and comparisons are to 3Q15 unless otherwise noted)

TPS
IDT's Telecom Platform Services (TPS) segment accounted for 98.7% of IDT's revenue in 3Q16 compared to 98.8% in 3Q15 and 98.5% in the prior quarter. TPS markets and distributes multiple communications and payment services across four broad business verticals: Retail Communications, Wholesale Carrier Services, Payment Services and Hosted Platform Solutions.

TPS' quarterly minutes of use totaled 6.97 billion compared to 7.15 billion (-2.5%) in 3Q15 and 7.03 billion (-0.8%) in 2Q16. The year-over-year decrease primarily reflects a decline in Retail Communications minutes, led primarily by the decline in Boss Revolution voice traffic over the US-to-Mexico corridor. Adjusting for the lower number of days in our fiscal Q3 as compared to our fiscal Q2, TPS minutes of use, including Boss Revolution voice traffic, actually increased by 1.4%.

TPS' revenue was $350.4 million compared to $379.1 million (-7.6%) in the year ago quarter and $376.7 million (-7.0%) in the prior quarter. The year over year decrease is the result of declines in revenue within the Retail Communications and Wholesale Carrier Services verticals. The sequential decrease was generated predominantly by a decline in Wholesale Carrier Services' revenues.

                                                                                                
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         3Q16   
                                                                 3Q16-3Q15  3Q16-3Q15 Revenue as
                    TPS Revenue by          3Q16   3Q15   2Q16   % Change   % Change  a % of all
                     Business Vertical                          in Revenue in Minutes     TPS   
                    ($ in millions)                                          of Use    Revenue  
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Retail Communications  $164.5 $183.0 $168.6   (10.1)%    (11.5)%     46.9%  
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Wholesale Carrier                                                           
                     Services              $123.3 $134.9 $147.2   (8.6)%      2.6%       35.2%  
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Payment Services        $55.0  $51.6  $53.3    +6.5%       na        15.7%  
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Hosted Platform                                                             
                     Solutions              $7.6   $9.5   $7.6    (20.1)%    (16.0)%     2.2%   
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Total TPS              $350.4 $379.1 $376.7   (7.6)%     (2.5)%     100.0%  
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                    
  • Retail Communications - Revenue decreased 10.1% year over year, driven primarily by lower sales of traditional prepaid cards in the US and overseas. Sales of IDT's flagship Boss Revolution international calling service, which is the dominant offering in the Retail Communications vertical, declined 4.5% year over year. The year over year revenue decline at Boss Revolution primarily reflects the impact of a move toward deregulation of Mexico's telecommunications markets. As discussed in prior quarters, deregulation led to a dramatic reduction in the cost of terminating calls from the US to Mexico -- formerly Boss Revolution's largest calling corridor. Exclusive of the US to Mexico route, revenue generated by Boss Revolution's international calling service increased in 3Q16 by approximately 1% compared to the year ago quarter. On a per-day basis, Retail Communications revenue decreased 0.3% compared to 2Q16. Sales of the Boss Revolution calling service increased 1.1% on a per-day basis but the increase did not fully offset the continued decline in sales of traditional prepaid card products.
  • Wholesale Carrier Services - Revenue decreased 8.6% year over year on a traffic mix-shift to lower revenue per minute corridors that more than offset a 2.6% increase in minutes of use. Sequentially, revenue decreased 16.3% reflecting the loss of several high volume, but very low margin, customers.
  • Payment Services - Revenue increased 6.5% year over year on continued increases in sales of airtime top-up services supplemented by the expansion of IDT's early stage international money transfer business.
  • Hosted Platform Solutions - Revenue decreased by 20.1% year over year, in-line with expectations and reflective of reductions in rates and subscribers for telephony services provided by IDT to its cable operator customers.

TPS' direct cost of revenue as a percentage of TPS' revenue was 83.4% in 3Q16, an increase of 30 basis points year over year, and a decrease of 120 basis points sequentially, in both cases mostly due to changes in the revenue mix between sales of higher margin Retail Communications revenues as compared to relatively lower margin Wholesale Carrier Services revenues.

TPS' SG&A expense decreased to $46.7 million from $48.6 million (-3.9%) in 3Q15 and from $46.8 million (-0.1%) in 2Q16. The year over year decrease primarily reflects reduced employee compensation costs, after headcount reductions implemented in fiscal 2015, lower marketing and advertising expense, and a reduction in legal fees.

TPS' Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $11.5 million from $15.3 million (-24.8%) in 3Q15 and increased from $11.3 million (+1.8%) in 2Q16. The year over year decrease was mostly due to the decrease in revenues and increase in direct cost as a percentage of revenue, partially offset by the reduction in SG&A expense.

TPS' depreciation and amortization expense was $4.9 million in 3Q16, an increase from $4.1 million (+20.9%) in 3Q15 and $4.7 million (+6.1%) in 2Q16. Depreciation increased due to higher levels of capital expenditures in recent periods to support new product development, including IDT Messaging, PICUP, and the Boss Revolution Calling App.

TPS' income from operations increased to $6.3 million from $5.6 million (+12.8%) in 3Q15 and was unchanged compared to 2Q16. Income from operations included the impact of severance expense of $0.2 million in 3Q16 and $5.6 million in 3Q15.

CPS

Consumer Phone Services (CPS) sells local and long distance services domestically in 11 states, marketed under the brand name IDT America. CPS has been in harvest mode for the last decade, maximizing revenue from current customers while maintaining SG&A and other expenses at the minimum levels essential to operate the business. Results this quarter conformed to expectations.

CPS' revenue was $1.7 million and income from operations was $351 thousand.

ALL OTHER

All Other included Zedge, one of the most popular content platforms for mobile device personalization including ringtones, wallpapers, home screen icons and game recommendations, as well as IDT's real estate holdings and other small businesses. Zedge was spun off from IDT on June 1, 2016.

Zedge's revenue in 3Q16 was $2.6 million, an increase from $2.2 million (+17.0%) in 3Q15 and a decrease from $3.5 million (-27.1%) in 2Q16. The year over year increase was driven by continued user growth and increased customer engagement. The sequential decrease conformed to expectation and reflected seasonal factors that increased revenue in the second quarter. Zedge generated income from operations of $239 thousand in 3Q16 compared $123 thousand in the year ago quarter, and $1.7 million in 2Q16.

All Other's revenue was $3.1 million in 3Q16 compared to $2.7 million (+14.1%) in 3Q15 and to $4.0 million (-23.1%) in 3Q16. Zedge and IDT's real estate holdings generated all of All Other's revenue in each of these periods.

All Other's income from operations was $1.8 million in 3Q16 compared to $1.6 million in 3Q15 and unchanged compared to 2Q16. Income from operations in 3Q16 and 3Q15 included gains of $1.1 million and $1.2 million, respectively on the sale of Fabrix.

OTHER CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Consolidated results for all periods presented include corporate overhead. In 3Q16, corporate G&A expense was $2.8 million compared to $2.9 million (-2.0%) in the year ago quarter and $2.1 million (+35.9%) in the prior quarter. The sequential increase reflected increased legal expense.

Net income attributable to IDT increased to $4.2 million from $565 thousand in the year ago quarter and $4.1 million in the prior quarter. The year over year improvement was due primarily to severance expense of $6.2 million in the year ago quarter and the reduction in SG&A expense.

At April 30, 2016, IDT had $147.8 million in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Additionally, at that date, IDT reported $99.8 million in current restricted cash and cash equivalents, nearly all of which represents customer deposits held by IDT's Gibraltar-based bank. At quarter end, current assets totaled $336.8 million and current liabilities were $335.3 million.

Net cash provided by operating activities during 3Q16 was $10.7 million compared to $6.8 million during 3Q15 and $11.2 million in 2Q16. For the same periods, capital expenditures were $4.7 million compared to $8.9 million and $3.7 million, respectively.

DIVIDEND

IDT's Board of Directors has declared a dividend of $0.19 per share of Class A and Class B common stock for the third quarter of its fiscal year 2016. The dividend will be paid on or about June 17, 2016 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on June 13th. The ex-dividend date will be June 9th. This distribution will be an ordinary dividend for tax purposes.

IDT EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT & SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

IDT will host an earnings conference call at 5:30 PM ET today beginning with management's discussion of results, outlook and strategy followed by Q&A with investors.

To listen to the call and participate in the Q&A, dial toll-free 1-888-348-8417 (from U.S.) or 1-412-902-4243 (international) and request the 'IDT Corporation call'.

A recording of the conference call can be accessed one hour after the call concludes through June 9, 2016 by dialing 1-877-870-5176 (toll free from the US) or 1-858-384-5517 (international) and providing this conference code: 10086892. The recording will also be available via streaming audio at the IDT investor relations website (www.idt.net/ir) shortly after the call concludes.

Copies of the complete earnings release -- including the financial statements and reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures that are used herein and referenced during management's discussion of results -- were filed on a Form 8-K and are available on the investor relations portion of IDT's website.

About IDT Corporation:

IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT), through its IDT Telecom division, provides telecommunications and payment services to individuals and businesses primarily through its flagship Boss Revolution® and Net2Phone® brands. IDT Telecom's wholesale business is a leading global carrier of international long distance calls. For more information on IDT, visit www.idt.net.

All statements above that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "intend," "estimate," "target" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors. Our filings with the SEC provide detailed information on such statements and risks, and should be consulted along with this release. To the extent permitted under applicable law, IDT assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

                                                                                                
                                                  IDT CORPORATION                               
                                                                                                
                                            CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS                         
                                                                                                
                                                                        April 30,     July 31,  
                                                                          2016         2015        
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                                                                       (Unaudited)              
                                                                            (in thousands)      
                    Assets                                                                      
                    Current assets:                                                             
                      Cash and cash equivalents                        $   101,135  $   110,361 
                      Restricted cash and cash equivalents                  99,846       91,035 
                      Marketable securities                                 46,637       40,287 
                      Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for                           
                       doubtful accounts of $4,027 at April 30, 2016                            
                       and $5,645 at July 31, 2015                          53,517       58,543 
                      Receivable from sale of interest in Fabrix                                
                       Systems Ltd                                           4,788        8,471 
                      Prepaid expenses                                      16,442       17,304 
                      Other current assets                                  14,392       14,344 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total current assets                               336,757      340,345 
                    Property, plant and equipment, net                      89,939       91,316 
                    Goodwill                                                13,747       14,388 
                    Other intangibles, net                                     958        1,277 
                    Investments                                             12,327       12,344 
                    Deferred income tax assets, net                          7,984       13,324 
                    Other assets                                             7,566       12,688 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total assets                                   $   469,278  $   485,682 
                                                                       ===========  =========== 
                    Liabilities and equity                                                      
                    Current liabilities:                                                        
                      Trade accounts payable                           $    26,695  $    29,140 
                      Accrued expenses                                     119,845      139,272 
                      Deferred revenue                                      88,570       86,302 
                      Customer deposits                                     96,109       84,454 
                      Income taxes payable                                     456          391 
                      Notes payable-current portion                              -        6,353 
                      Other current liabilities                              3,659        3,000 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total current liabilities                          335,334      348,912 
                    Other liabilities                                        2,180        1,830 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total liabilities                                  337,514      350,742 
                    Commitments and contingencies                                               
                    Equity:                                                                     
                      IDT Corporation stockholders' equity:                                     
                      Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized                               
                       shares-10,000; no shares issued                           -            - 
                      Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized                          
                       shares-35,000; 3,272 shares issued and 1,574                             
                       shares outstanding at April 30, 2016 and July                            
                       31, 2015                                                 33           33 
                      Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized                          
                       shares-200,000; 25,386 and 25,276 shares issued                          
                       and 21,455 and 21,755 shares outstanding at                              
                       April 30, 2016 and July 31, 2015, respectively          254          253 
                      Additional paid-in capital                           406,873      403,146 
                      Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 1,698 and                          
                       1,698 shares of Class A common stock and 3,931                           
                       and 3,521 shares of Class B common stock at                              
                       April 30, 2016 and July 31, 2015, respectively     (115,316)    (110,543)
                      Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income           (782)         771 
                      Accumulated deficit                                 (160,316)    (159,829)
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total IDT Corporation stockholders' equity         130,746      133,831 
                      Noncontrolling interests                               1,018        1,109 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total equity                                       131,764      134,940 
                                                                       -----------  ----------- 
                        Total liabilities and equity                   $   469,278  $   485,682 
                                                                       ===========  =========== 
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    
                                                  IDT CORPORATION                               
                                         CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME                      
                                                    (Unaudited)                                 
                                                                                                
                                                    Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended   
                                                        April 30,               April 30,        
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                                                    2016        2015        2016        2015     
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                                                      (in thousands, except per share data)     
                    Revenues                     $  355,154  $  383,930  $1,128,186  $1,190,981 
                    Costs and expenses:                                                         
                      Direct cost of revenues                                                   
                       (exclusive of                                                            
                       depreciation and                                                         
                       amortization)                293,220     316,508     937,455     989,052 
                      Selling, general and                                                      
                       administrative (i)            51,594      53,792     155,738     168,184 
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                   5,518       4,617      15,543      13,462 
                      Research and development            -           -           -       1,656 
                      Severance                         232       6,226         232       8,126 
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                    Total costs and expenses        350,564     381,143   1,108,968   1,180,480 
                      Other operating losses              -      (1,552)       (326)     (1,552)
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd          1,086       1,235       1,086      76,864 
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                    Income from operations            5,676       2,470      19,978      85,813 
                      Interest income (expense),                                                
                       net                              244         (54)        936        (184)
                      Other income (expense),                                                   
                       net                              120      (1,352)       (723)        937 
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                    Income before income taxes        6,040       1,064      20,191      86,566 
                      (Provision for) benefit                                                   
                       from income taxes             (1,339)         59      (6,250)     (2,332)
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                    Net income                        4,701       1,123      13,941      84,234 
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests        (464)       (558)     (1,445)     (1,003)
                                                 ----------------------- -----------------------
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation             $    4,237  $      565  $   12,496  $   83,231 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                    Earnings per share                                                          
                     attributable to IDT                                                        
                     Corporation common                                                         
                     stockholders:                                                              
                      Basic                      $     0.19  $     0.02  $     0.55  $     3.64 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                      Diluted                    $     0.19  $     0.02  $     0.55  $     3.58 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                    Weighted-average number of                                                  
                     shares used in calculation                                                 
                     of earnings per share:                                                     
                      Basic                          22,635      23,034      22,790      22,867 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                      Diluted                        22,680      23,468      22,816      23,259 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                    Dividends declared per                                                      
                     common share                $     0.19  $     0.18  $     0.56  $     1.85 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                    (i) Stock-based compensation                                                
                     included in selling,                                                       
                     general and administrative                                                 
                     expenses                    $      673  $      992  $    2,317  $    4,012 
                                                 ======================= =======================
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    
                                                  IDT CORPORATION                               
                                 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)              
                                                                                                
                                                                             Nine Months Ended  
                                                                                 April 30,       
                                                                           ---------------------
                                                                              2016       2015    
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                                                                              (in thousands)    
                    Operating activities                                                        
                    Net income                                             $  13,941  $  84,234 
                    Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash                             
                     provided by operating activities:                                          
                      Depreciation and amortization                           15,543     13,462 
                      Deferred income taxes                                    5,913      2,176 
                      Provision for doubtful accounts receivable                 600         90 
                      Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd          (1,086)   (76,864)
                      Realized (gain) loss on marketable securities             (543)         - 
                      Interest in the equity of investments                      379     (1,655)
                      Stock-based compensation                                 2,317      4,012 
                    Change in assets and liabilities:                                           
                      Restricted cash and cash equivalents                   (14,657)   (11,400)
                      Trade accounts receivable                                1,758      8,544 
                      Prepaid expenses, other current assets and other                          
                       assets                                                  6,450      2,604 
                      Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses, other                           
                       current liabilities and other liabilities             (14,972)    (5,287)
                      Customer deposits                                       17,028     11,169 
                      Income taxes payable                                        65       (278)
                      Deferred revenue                                         3,097     (3,024)
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                    Net cash provided by operating activities                 35,833     27,783 
                    Investing activities                                                        
                      Capital expenditures                                   (13,964)   (22,810)
                      Proceeds from sale of interest in Fabrix Systems                          
                       Ltd., net of cash and cash equivalents sold             4,769     36,455 
                      Purchase of investments                                 (1,850)      (125)
                      Proceeds from sale and redemption of investments           632         71 
                      Purchases of marketable securities                     (29,800)   (35,502)
                      Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable                          
                       securities                                             24,176     16,840 
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                    Net cash used in investing activities                    (16,037)    (5,071)
                    Financing activities                                                        
                      Dividends paid                                         (12,983)   (43,171)
                      Distributions to noncontrolling interests               (1,545)    (1,450)
                      Proceeds from exercise of stock options                      -      3,317 
                      Repayments of revolving credit loan payable and                           
                       other borrowings                                       (6,353)   (13,201)
                      Repurchases of Class B common stock                     (4,773)      (703)
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                    Net cash used in financing activities                    (25,654)   (55,208)
                    Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash                            
                     equivalents                                              (3,368)    (6,573)
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                    Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents                 (9,226)   (39,069)
                    Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period         110,361    153,823 
                                                                           ---------- ----------
                    Cash and cash equivalents at end of period             $ 101,135  $ 114,754 
                                                                           ========== ==========
                    Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and                             
                     financing activities                                                       
                      Net liabilities excluding cash and cash equivalents                       
                       of Fabrix Systems Ltd. sold                         $       -  $  14,333 
                                                                           ========== ==========
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Third Quarter Fiscal 2016 and 2015

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), IDT also disclosed, for the third quarters of fiscal 2016 and 2015, Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share, or EPS, which are non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

IDT's measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenues less direct cost of revenues, selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income from operations, add depreciation and amortization, severance expense, and other operating losses, and subtracts the gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.

IDT's measure of non-GAAP net income starts with net income in accordance with GAAP and adds depreciation and amortization, severance expense, stock-based compensation, and other operating losses, and subtracts the gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.

IDT's measure of non-GAAP diluted EPS is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income by the diluted weighted-average shares.

These additions and subtractions are non-cash and/or non-routine items in the relevant fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 periods.

Management believes that IDT's Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS measures provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses and non-routine gains that may not be indicative of IDT's or the relevant segment's core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS to evaluate operating performance in relation to IDT's competitors. Disclosure of these financial measures may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, IDT has historically reported similar financial measures and believes such measures are commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting at this time.

Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures income (loss) from operations and net income, on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments' and IDT's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

While depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, these expenses primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or constructed in prior periods. IDT's operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization charges are useful indicators of its current performance.

Severance expense is also excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. Severance expense is reflective of decisions made by management in each period regarding the aspects of IDT's and its segments' businesses to be focused on in light of changing market realities and other factors. While there may be similar charges in other periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of IDT's core and continuing operations.

Other operating losses and gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd., which are components of income from operations, are excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. From time-to-time, IDT will dispose of certain assets or incur costs related to legal matters. In addition, IDT may select and incubate promising early stage businesses outside of its core business for eventual sale or spin-off to its stockholders. However, such losses or gains do not occur each quarter nor are they part of IDT's or the relevant segment's core operating results.

The other calculation of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenues less direct cost of revenues, selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. As the other excluded items are not reflected in this calculation, they are excluded automatically and there is no need to make additional adjustments. This calculation results in the same Adjusted EBITDA amount and its utility and significance is as explained above.

Stock-based compensation recognized by IDT and other companies may not be comparable because of the variety of types of awards as well as the various valuation methodologies and subjective assumptions that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from IDT's calculation of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results per share of IDT's core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for IDT for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees' compensation that impacts their performance.

Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, income (loss) from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income, basic and diluted earnings per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, IDT's measurements of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following are reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which are, (a) for Adjusted EBITDA, income (loss) from operations for IDT's reportable segments and net income for IDT on a consolidated basis, (b) for non-GAAP net income, net income and, (c) for non-GAAP EPS, basic and diluted earnings per share.

                                                                                                
                    IDT Corporation                                                             
                    Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income                             
                    (unaudited)                                                                 
                    in millions                                                                 
                    Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.             
                                                                                                
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Telecom  Consumer                 
                                                 Total IDT   Platform    Phone    All           
                                                Corporation  Services  Services  Other Corporate
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Three Months Ended April 30,                                                
                     2016 (3Q16)                                                                
                    Adjusted EBITDA             $   10.3    $   11.5  $   0.4   $  1.3 $  (2.8) 
                    Subtract:                                                                   
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                  5.5        4.9        -       0.6      -   
                      Severance expense              0.2        0.2        -        -       -   
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd.       (1.1)        -         -      (1.1)     -   
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Income (loss) from                                                          
                     operations                      5.7    $   6.3   $   0.4   $  1.8 $  (2.8) 
                                                           -------------------------------------
                      Interest income, net           0.2                                        
                      Other income, net              0.1                                        
                                                -----------                                     
                    Income before income taxes       6.0                                        
                      Provision for income taxes    (1.3)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income                       4.7                                        
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests     (0.5)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation            $    4.2                                        
                                                -----------                                     
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                ------------------------------------------------
                                                              Telecom  Consumer                 
                                                 Total IDT   Platform    Phone    All           
                                                Corporation  Services  Services  Other Corporate
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Three Months Ended January                                                  
                     31, 2016 (2Q16)                                                            
                    Adjusted EBITDA             $   11.7    $   11.3  $   0.3   $  2.2 $  (2.1) 
                    Subtract:                                                                   
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                  5.0        4.7        -       0.3      -   
                      Loss on disposal of                                                       
                       property, plant and                                                      
                       equipment                     0.3        0.3        -        -       -   
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Income (loss) from                                                          
                     operations                      6.4    $   6.3   $   0.3   $  1.9 $  (2.1) 
                                                           -------------------------------------
                      Interest income, net           0.5                                        
                      Other expense, net            (0.2)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Income before income taxes       6.7                                        
                      Provision for income taxes    (2.0)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income                       4.7                                        
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests     (0.6)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation            $    4.1                                        
                    ---------------------------------------                                     
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    
                    IDT Corporation                                                             
                    Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income                             
                    (unaudited)                                                                 
                    in millions                                                                 
                    Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.             
                                                                                                
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Telecom  Consumer                 
                                                 Total IDT   Platform    Phone    All           
                                                Corporation  Services  Services  Other Corporate
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Three Months Ended April 30,                                                
                     2015 (3Q15)                                                                
                    Adjusted EBITDA             $   13.6    $   15.3  $   0.3   $  0.9 $  (2.9) 
                    Subtract (Add):                                                             
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                  4.6        4.1        -       0.5      -   
                      Severance expense              6.2        5.6        -        -      0.6  
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd.       (1.2)        -         -      (1.2)     -   
                      Other operating losses         1.5         -         -        -      1.5  
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Income (loss) from                                                          
                     operations                      2.5    $   5.6   $   0.3   $  1.6 $  (5.0) 
                                                           -------------------------------------
                      Other expense, net            (1.4)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Income before income taxes       1.1                                        
                      Provision for income taxes      -                                         
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income                       1.1                                        
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests     (0.5)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation            $    0.6                                        
                    ---------------------------------------                                     
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    
                    IDT Corporation                                                             
                    Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income                             
                    (unaudited)                                                                 
                    in millions                                                                 
                    Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.             
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Telecom  Consumer                 
                                                 Total IDT   Platform    Phone    All           
                                                Corporation  Services  Services  Other Corporate
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Nine Months Ended April 30,                                                 
                     2016                                                                       
                    Adjusted EBITDA             $   35.0    $   36.9  $   1.0   $  4.5 $  (7.4) 
                    Subtract:                                                                   
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                 15.5        14.0       -       1.5      -   
                      Severance expense              0.2        0.2        -        -       -   
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd.       (1.1)        -         -      (1.1)     -   
                      Other operating losses         0.3        0.3        -        -       -   
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Income (loss) from                                                          
                     operations                     20.0    $   22.3  $   1.0   $  4.1 $  (7.4) 
                                                           -------------------------------------
                      Interest income, net           0.9                                        
                      Other expense, net            (0.7)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Income before income taxes      20.2                                        
                      Provision for income taxes    (6.3)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income                      13.9                                        
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests     (1.4)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation            $   12.5                                        
                                                -----------                                     
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                ------------------------------------------------
                                                              Telecom  Consumer                 
                                                 Total IDT   Platform    Phone    All           
                                                Corporation  Services  Services  Other Corporate
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Nine Months Ended April 30,                                                 
                     2015                                                                       
                    Adjusted EBITDA             $   32.1    $   37.4  $   1.0   $  2.3 $  (8.6) 
                    Subtract (Add):                                                             
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                 13.5        11.8       -       1.6      -   
                      Severance expense              8.1        7.5        -        -      0.6  
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd.      (76.9)        -         -     (76.9)     -   
                      Other operating losses         1.5         -         -        -      1.5  
                                                ----------- ------------------------------------
                    Income (loss) from                                                          
                     operations                     85.8    $   18.1  $   1.0   $ 77.5 $ (10.8) 
                                                           -------------------------------------
                      Interest expense, net         (0.2)                                       
                      Other income, net              0.9                                        
                                                -----------                                     
                    Income before income taxes      86.6                                        
                      Provision for income taxes    (2.3)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income                      84.2                                        
                      Net income attributable to                                                
                       noncontrolling interests     (1.0)                                       
                                                -----------                                     
                    Net income attributable to                                                  
                     IDT Corporation            $   83.2                                        
                    ---------------------------------------                                     
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    
                    IDT Corporation                                                             
                    Reconciliations of Net Income to Non-GAAP Net Income and Diluted EPS to Non-
                     GAAP Diluted EPS                                                           
                    (unaudited)                                                                 
                    in millions, except per share data                                          
                    Figures may not foot due to rounding to millions.                           
                                                                                                
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                Nine      Nine  
                                                                               Months    Months 
                                                                               Ended     Ended  
                                                                             April 30, April 30,
                                                 3Q16      2Q16      3Q15      2016      2015   
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                    Net income                 $    4.7  $    4.7  $    1.1  $   13.9  $   84.2 
                    Adjustments (add)                                                           
                     subtract:                                                                  
                      Stock-based compensation     (0.7)     (0.9)     (1.0)     (2.3)     (4.0)
                      Depreciation and                                                          
                       amortization                (5.5)     (5.0)     (4.6)    (15.5)    (13.5)
                      Gain on sale of interest                                                  
                       in Fabrix Systems Ltd.       1.1         -       1.2       1.1      76.9 
                      Severance expense            (0.2)        -      (6.2)     (0.2)     (8.1)
                      Other operating losses          -      (0.3)     (1.5)     (0.3)     (1.5)
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                    Total adjustments              (5.3)     (6.2)    (12.1)    (17.3)     49.8 
                      Income tax effect of                                                      
                       total adjustments            1.4       1.9       3.1       5.5       6.4 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                    3.9       4.3       9.0      11.7     (56.2)
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                    Non-GAAP net income        $    8.6  $    9.0  $   10.1  $   25.6  $   28.0 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                    Earnings per share:                                                         
                      Basic                    $   0.19  $   0.18  $   0.02  $   0.55  $   3.64 
                      Total adjustments            0.19      0.21      0.42      0.57     (2.42)
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                      Non-GAAP EPS - basic     $   0.38  $   0.39  $   0.44  $   1.12  $   1.22 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                      Weighted-average number                                                   
                       of shares used in                                                        
                       calculation of basic                                                     
                       earnings per share          22.6      22.8      23.0      22.8      22.9 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                      Diluted                  $   0.19  $   0.18  $   0.02  $   0.55  $   3.58 
                      Total adjustments            0.19      0.21      0.41      0.57     (2.38)
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                      Non-GAAP EPS - diluted   $   0.38  $   0.39  $   0.43  $   1.12  $   1.20 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                      Weighted-average number                                                   
                       of shares used in                                                        
                       calculation of diluted                                                   
                       earnings per share          22.7      22.8      23.5      22.8      23.3 
                                               -------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    

Contact:
IDT Corporation Investor Relations
Bill Ulrey
Email contact

(973) 438-3034


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